Inclusive Design

Inclusive Design is a fundamental aspect of engineering.

In Software Engineering,  a key property of any software is robustness.

Robust Software is Software that takes into account all possibilities of input/output.

Another key property of good software is usability, good software must be able to be used by everybody and anybody.

Software Engineers have produced many inclusive technologies such as AI voice recognition (E.g Alexa, Siri), voice to text converters. portable notetakers, organizational software and many more….

One that I find very useful to learning is Audio\Digital Text.

Students with visual impairment can benefit from Audio Texts as texts on screens are translated to audible audio, which these students will find more useful to process. Also, students that may suffer from reading dyslexia can understand what is being translated from text rather than mixing up letters on a screen/paper. There is also, a fraction of students that find it hard to focus and read boring texts; Listening to the audio instead enables them to learn and retain better compared to reading.

Digital Texts can help students hard of hearing as they can visually understand what they can not hear.

Digital texts do not just help hard of hearing students but also students who process what they read faster than what they hear, thus aiding their learning.   Non-hearers of the language of the lesson can read the digital texts and comprehend the lesson at a pace suitable to their understanding of the language.


Peer Review: Public goods

Thank you for sharing your amazing resource in public goods. I found the topic you chose very interesting.

The topic “Public goods” is a bit more specific to people with an economics background but you found a way to make inclusive for everyone. So, Great Job!.

I Like the layout of your blog, everything seems well put together, the overview clearly defines your chosen topic and key concepts.

The blog is also well organized and I can tell a lot of effort was put into it.

The activity in your learning modules seem highly interactive and encourage students to explore the topic in-depth.

A great way of incorporating technology with the use of Twitter and WordPress, the only concern is the protection of privacy. Particularly if the students are not comfortable sharing private academic information online.

Some students, may not feel comfortable sharing assignment answers on a place like Twitter where they are open to criticism from anyone in the world, also there is the risk of students feeling discouraged to post their thoughts on Twitter if they do not feel knowledgeable on the subject matter.

Perhaps you might consider creating a safer space to share material, for example, a class forum or something similar to what we have in this class (EDCI 335) where students can share material with people taking the same course rather than having their thought available to the whole online world.


Overall, the lesson plan looks well put together and very inclusive. It is well detailed and thorough, although there is still little work to be done. I hope you found my comments helpful!

Blog post 2:Cooperative learning

Cooperative learning is a student-centred learning approach. In cooperative learning, students are broken down into various groups and the teacher acts as a supervisor of groups.  It can serve as a break from boring lectures.

The students go into the groups and help each other learn through discussions, the teacher does not directly teach students but rather ensures the groups stay on task with the work assigned to them.

This learning approached can be more fun and it teaches students soft social skills by encouraging them to work as a group.

There are various ways to go around cooperative learning but I am going to highlight two different methods that best align with my group’s topic.

Our learning resource topic is about dinosaurs and it is aimed at grade 1 elementary students.

Employing cooperatively learning to teach grade1 students may be the best way to capture students’ interests in the topics and have them develop the essential social skills they will need as they get older.

So, two methods to incorporate Cooperative learning to grade1 students are :

  1. Think-Pair share Model
  2. Jigsaw learning model.

In the think-pair approach, students are put into groups and asked to brainstorm an idea or in the case of grade1 students work on a task ( Maybe colouring ) then once done they have to share their final product with the class.

In the Jigsaw approach, students are put into groups and each group is assigned the same overall task, but students in each group are assigned sub-tasks. The individual students are then asked to do some research and then form groups with students assigned the same sub-tasks as them. These new groups are called expert groups.

Finally, bring the students back to their initial groups and then test them on what they have learnt.

Both models will work fine for grade 1 students and encourage interactive learning, the only issue here is that learning might not actually take place and students might only socialize.  Also, in the jigsaw learning model, grade 1 students might lose track of what the initial task at hand is after assigned to new expert groups.


To get around this problem, groups should not be more than 2-3 students and depending on how large the class is more than one teacher might be needed to ensure students stay on track


Blog 1 : Learning, Motivation and Theory

Learning to me is the act of deeply understanding a concept and being able to use that knowledge subsequently in practice. I agree with Jonassen that the stages of learning determine the theory of learning to adopt. According to Jonassen, there are three stages of learning; which are introductory, advanced and expert. However, I believe that the subject matter of learning also determines what theory of learning is to be adopted. For instance, learning to cook a meal or learning new words.


Personally, I related better with the constructivism theory the most. Why? Because learning in its context seems to stick the most. I remember sometime back  I set a goal for myself to learn at least 50 words every month consistently for a year. The first week I started with 10 words from the dictionary, this cycle continued till the 3rd week. However, I realized that I could not remember more than half of the words I learnt in the previous weeks. This destabilized me because I had put in long hours to read the dictionary and learn those words yet less than a month I had forgotten them. 


Although at that point I wanted to give up because i had put in the work but did not get my desired result.  Eventually, I pushed past the negative thoughts and went back to the drawing board. A thought came to mind that perhaps my mode of learning was not the right one. So, I focused more on learning words by watching movies, listening to the radio and watching the news. I did this because I felt seeing or rather listening to them being used in their context would aid my learning and memory. Guess what? It worked!. Within four weeks I was able to reach my target of learning, understanding and remembering the 50 words. In essence, I came to the conclusion that merely having the theoretical knowledge (learning using the dictionary) did not help me fully understand the meaning of the words rather seeing its use (watching movies) facilitated my learning of the words. 




First post


My name is Aaron Henshaw and this is my first post in edci335.

I am in my third year in computer science. I am from Nigeria.

The transition to online learning due to Covid-19 has been exceptionally hard for me, but over-time i am learning to adapt.

Hope everyone is staying safe in this strange time and happy blogging!

Welcome and Introduction

Before proceeding with this first blog post, we expect you to consider your privacy preferences carefully and that you have considered the following options:

  1. Do you want to be online vs. offline?
  2. Do you want to use your name (or part thereof) vs. a pseudonym (e.g., West Coast Teacher)?
  3. Do you want to have your blog public vs. private? (Note, you can set individual blog posts private or password protected or have an entire blog set to private)
  4. Have you considered whether you are posting within or outside of Canada? This blog on is hosted within Canada. That said, any public blog posts can have its content aggregated/curated onto social networks outside of Canada.

First tasks you might explore with your new blog:

  • Go into its admin panel found by adding /wp-admin at the end of your blog’s URL
  • Add new category or tags to organize your blog posts – found under “Posts” (but do not remove the pre-existing “edci335” category).
  • See if your blog posts are appearing on the course website (you must have the the edci335 category assigned to a post first and have provided your instructor with your blog URL)
  • Add pages, if you like.
  • Include hyperlinks in your posts (select text and click on the link icon in the post toolbar)
  • Embed images or set featured images and embed video in blog posts and pages (can be your own media or that found on the internet, but consider free or creative commons licensed works). To embed a YouTube video, simply paste the URL on its own line.
  • Under Dashboard/Appearance,
    • Select your preferred website theme and customize to your preferences (New title, new header image, etc.)
    • Customize menus & navigation
    • Use widgets to customize blog content and features
  • Delete this starter post (or switch it to draft status if you want to keep it for reference)

Do consider creating categories for each course that you take should you wish to document your learning (or from professional learning activities outside of formal courses). Keep note, however, that you may wish to rename the label of the course category in menus (e.g., as we did where it shows “Learning Design” as the label for the “edci335” category menu.  This will enable readers not familiar with university course numbers to understand what to expect in the contents.

Lastly, as always, be aware of the FIPPA as it relates to privacy and share only those names/images that you have consent to use or are otherwise public figures. When in doubt, ask us.

Please also review the resources from our course website for getting started with blogging:

Test Learning Design Post

This post  will appear in a few places:

  1. in the blog feed on the front of your website
  2. in the Learning Design menu on your website. This is because we have applied the “edci335” category to this post and the menu item “Learning Design” has been created from the category “edci335.” For every post you make for this course, please assign the “edci335” category to it. You are welcome to use this blog for your personal hobbies or for other courses, in which case, you could create additional menu items and categories for them.
  3. if you give permission, your posts categorized “edci335” will be aggregated onto the Blog Feed on the EDCI 335 Course Website.

Feel free to delete this post once you understand this. If you have any questions, please reach out to your instructor.

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